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Characteristics of Academic Writing
It is difficult to give a simple definition of academic writing, because a large number of its types and forms exist. Following are examples, features, explanations and a list of papers, which use academic writing.
A very broad definition of academic writing is a paper written to fulfill an assignment for college or university. Also, this kind of writing is used for publications, which reads that the teacher, or the ones that are presented at conferences. A very broad definition of academic writing includes any writing assignment that anyone has got in the academic setting.
These are documents that use academic writing:
- Books and book reports
- Academic journals
- Theses and dissertations
- Research papers and research articles
- Conference papers
To know what academic paper is here are some points to adhere about it.
First, you should make some planning before starting your writing; in this case, your paper will be organized and well-structured.
Make a clear outline – all academic papers must have it. It will help you with organizing and formulating your thoughts, as well as prevent you from using unwanted relations between topics. A good outline will let you include only the useful and pertinent information in your writing.
In academic term papers a formal tone must be used. This means, that you might not use jargon, slang words, abbreviations. The language has to be clear: you should choose each word for its precision.
Express your point of view in the third person; this will help to focus on facts.
One of the most common used approaches in writing academic papers is deductive reasoning. It plays an important role in writing, as the readers need to follow your thoughts to understand how you have got to your conclusion. Analytical approach and deductive reasoning are very important in writing academic papers. If you want to get a presentable and well-structured paper, you have to make much planning and forethought.
You always have to check whether your college has certain preferred formatting style.
All academic essays have a definite structure. A good essay consists of the introduction, the body and the conclusion.
When writing an introduction, you have to grab the attention of your reader and determine the thesis of your essay. To get this purpose, you may start with a quote of famous person or from a well-known work, any interesting fact or information, several cunning questions, or definition of a term related to your academic research paper.
The body is an essential part of your paper, so all the body paragraphs of the article should be clearly defined and well-structured, to be arranged in a logical or chronological order or in order of importance. Every sentence should be linked to the preceding one; this will make your essay be more understandable and organized.
In every paragraph, the sentences must be linked with the topic. You can get such a cohesion by using synonyms, repeating important phrases, and using transitional words like: for example, such as, therefore, so, in this case, etc.
Now that you know the academic writing definition, as well as the rules of writing an introductory and body of an essay, it is only left to deal with the conclusion. In your conclusion, you should just paraphrase the thesis and briefly summarize the ideas of your paper.
If you are writing a research paper, conference paper, essay, thesis or dissertation, these tips should help to make your paper coherent and authoritative. Your thesis is straight, and the explanation and evidence are strong and clear. Your readers will be able to track the way of your thinking easily and understand why you came to your conclusion.